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bulletFAQS > Recommended Readings

Introductory Reading — Language and Linguistics

Bauer, Laurie and Peter Trudgill, eds. Language Myths. London: Penguin, 1999.

Matthews, P.H. Linguistics: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: O.U.P., 2003.

Napoli, Donna Jo and and Vera Lee-Schoenfeld. Language Matters: A Guide to Everyday Questions about Language. 2d. ed. Oxford: O.U.P., 2010.

Further Reading — Linguistics

Aronoff, Mark, and Janie Rees-Miller, eds. The Handbook of Linguistics. Oxford: Blackwell, 2003.

Holm, John. An Introduction to Pidgins and Creoles [Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics]. Cambridge: C.U.P., 2000.

Mufwene, Salikoko. The Ecology of Language Evolution [Cambridge Approaches to Language Contact]. Cambridge: C.U.P., 2001.

Pinker, Steven. The Language Instinct: How the Mind Creates Language. New York: Perennial Classics, 2000.

Winford, Donald. An Introduction to Contact Linguistics. London: Wiley-Blackwell, 2003.

English and English Creole

Aceto, Michael and Jeffrey P. Williams, eds. Contact Englishes of the Eastern Caribbean [Varieties of English around the World]. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2003.

Alleyne, Mervyn C. Comparative Afro-American: An Historical-Comparative Study of English-based Afro-American Dialects of the New World . Ann Arbor, MI: Karoma, 1980.

McCrum, Robert, William Cran and Robert MacNeil. The Story of English. 3rd Rev. ed. London: Penguin Books, 2002.

Roberts, Peter A. West Indians and their Language . 2d ed. Cambridge: C.U.P., 2007.

Roberts, Peter A. From Oral to Literate Culture: Colonial Experience in the English West Indies . Kingston: UWI Press, 2000.

Solomon, Denis. The Speech of Trinidad: A Reference Grammar. St. Augustine: School of Continuing Studies, U.W.I., 1993.

See UWI Press for more books.

French and French Creole

Ball, Rodney. The French-Speaking World: A Practical Introduction to Sociolinguistic Issues. London: Routledge, 1997.

Chaudenson, Robert. Les Créoles. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1995.

Corne, Chris. From French to Creole: The Development of New Vernaculars in the French Colonial World. London: University of Westminster Press, 1999.

Thomas, John Jacob. The Theory and Practice of Creole Grammar. 1869. Reprint. London and Port-of-Spain: New Beacon Books, 1969.

Spanish and Spanish Creole

Mar-Molinero, Clare. The Spanish-Speaking World: A Practical Introduction to Sociolinguistic Issues. London: Routledge, 1997.

McWhorter, John H. The Missing Spanish Creoles: Recovering the Birth of Plantation Contact. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2000.

Reference Material

Allsopp, Jeannette. The Multilingual Caribbean Dictionary of Flora, Fauna and Foods in English, French, French Creole and Spanish. Kingston: Arawak Press, 2003.

Allsopp, Richard. Dictionary of Caribbean English Usage, with a French and Spanish Supplement. Oxford: O.U.P., 1996. (Also available in paperback from UWI Press, 2003.)

Breton, R.P. Raymond. 1999. Dictionnaire caraïbe-français. Auxerre, 1665. Reprint. Introduced and annotated by CELIA and GEREC, with CD-ROM by M. Thouvenot. Paris: Editions Karthala with IRD.

Carlin, Eithne B. and Jacques Arends. Atlas of the Languages of Suriname. Kingston: Ian Randle Publishers, 2003.

Cassidy, Frederic Gomes, and Robert B. LePage. Dictionary of Jamaican English. 2d. ed. Kingston: UWI Press, 2003.

Crystal, David. Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. 5 th ed. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 2003.

Crystal, David. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language. 2d. ed. Cambridge: C.U.P., 2003.

Crystal, David. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language. Cambridge: C.U.P., 1997.

Lewis, M. Paul, Gary F. Simons, and Charles D. Fennig (eds.). Ethnologue: Languages of the World. 17th ed. Dallas, Texas: SIL International, 2013. Online version:

Holm, John A., and Alison Watt Shilling. Dictionary of Bahamian English. Cold Spring, N.Y. : Lexik House Publishers, 1982.

Ludwig, Ralph, et al, eds. Dictionnaire créole-français (Guadeloupe) — français-créole (Guadeloupe). Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose, 2002.

Ratzlaff, Betty, ed. English/Papiamentu Dictionary, Papiamentu/Ingles Dikshonario. Kralendijk, Bonaire: TWR Foundation, 1995.

Shapiro, Norma and Jayme Adelson-Goldstein. The Oxford Picture Dictionary: English/Haitian Creole Angle/Kreyol Ayisyen . Oxford: O.U.P., 2000.

Taylor, Douglas MacRae. Languages of the West Indies. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1977.

Voightlander, Katie, and Hyatt Moore, eds. The Alphabet Makers: A Presentation from the Museum of the Alphabet. Huntington Beach, CA: Wycliffe Bible Translators, 1990.

Winer, Lise, ed. Dictionary of the English/Creole of Trinidad & Tobago: On Historical Principles. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2010.



FAQS written and compiled by Jo-Anne Ferreira,
Department of Modern Languages and Linguistics (formerly Liberal Arts), UWI, St Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago

(All graphs copyright © J.S. Ferreira)

Thanks to Lise Winer, Keith Laurence, Nicole Roberts, Mervyn Alleyne, Michèle Stewart, Rocky Meade, and Sonya Moze for comments and contributions. All other comments and contributions welcome.






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